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Civil Engineering

We rely on civil engineering every day for a variety of things: from supplying energy and clean water to our homes, to processing and recycling our waste, to finding solutions to problems like pollution.

A Civil Engineer will deal with the all the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment. They will be involved in projects such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. There is a huge diversity within civil engineering which creates a wide choice of careers for you students.

What’s the Different Areas to Study?

Environmental Engineering - To improvement and protection of the environment – This includes; Ecological Engineering, the design, monitoring and construction of ecosystems.
Fire Protection Engineering, Sanitary Engineering and engineering applied to municipal issues such as water and waste management, transportation networks, subdivisions, communications, hydrology, hydraulics, etc.

Geotechnical Engineering - Concerned with the behaviour of geological materials at the site of a civil engineering project – This includes; Mining engineering, the exploration, extraction and processing of raw materials from the Earth and Foundation Engineering, the engineering of below ground foundations that support superstructures.

Structural Engineering - The engineering of structures that support or resist structural loads – This includes; Earthquake Engineering, the behaviour of structures subject to seismic loading. Wind Engineering, the analysis of wind and its effects on the built environment. Architectural Engineering, application of engineering principles to building design and construction and finally Ocean engineering, the design of offshore structures.

Transport Engineering – To ensure safe and efficient transportation of people and goods - Traffic Engineering, focusing on the infrastructure necessary for transportation. Highway Engineering, involves the construction and design of highways and Railway systems engineering.

Water Resources Engineering - Prediction, planning, development and management of water resources - Hydraulic Engineering, concerned with the flow and conveyance of fluids, water; intimately related to the design of pipelines, water supply network, drainage facilities. River Engineering, Coastal Engineering and Groundwater Engineering involves the analysis, monitoring and often modelling of the water source to better understand how much remains and if the water can be used for.

What Skills Do I Need?

  • Vast knowledge into your certain sector
  • Understanding of construction methods & materials
  • IT competency
  • Maths & Financial Skills
  • Problem solving
  • Organised &Future Planning
  • Communication & Negotiation skills
  • Team player

Internships & Placements

Gaining experience in Civil Engineering would allow you to build your understanding of issues related to the planning and execution of projects. Casual hands-on construction work and administrative jobs may be available, but many employers offer structured work experience opportunities. Because Civil Engineering covers several specialised sectors including buildings
of all kinds, transport and communications infrastructure. The work experience would be more
useful being in the sector you would like to follow.

Civil engineers are employed by a wide range of contractors and consultancies and also work
in-house for a variety of large organisations. There are many opportunities in the public sector,
with local authorities, government departments and environmental organisations.

What Next?

Once qualified, Civil Engineers have plenty of opportunities for career development. You can work towards chartered status, this can be done while in work or alone side a professional civil engineer.  To achieve professional standards to become either chartered.


The Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) is a registered charity that
strives to promote and progress civil engineering. We believe that civil engineers are “at the heart of society, delivering sustainable development through knowledge, skills and professional expertise.

CENG(CEng) Chartered Engineer, is protected by civil law and is
the most recognisable international engineering qualifications. This status is part of a technological elite and will be recognised by expertise. Self-esteem, Higher earnings, Career prospects, Greater influence within the organisation/industry.

ieng_logo(IEng) Incorporated Engineers, This proves competence, commitment, skills and experience. It’s an important milestone in a career of any engineer or technologist. In particular, IEng registration shows your employer and peers that you have demonstrated a commitment to professional standards, developing and enhancing your competence.

Civil Engineering courses at postgraduate level allow students to develop specialist knowledge in
a particular area, such as water management, earthquake engineering, maritime civil engineering, environmental engineering and a wide range of other general and specific options. It is possible to carry out research through an MRes, MPhil or PhD, or to do a taught Masters course in these areas.



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